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Cultural differences in implicit theories of citizenship performance: a comparative study of MBA students from the Czech Republic, India, and the United States




Lanik, Martin, author
Kraiger, Kurt, advisor
Byrne, Zinta, committee member
Harman, Jennifer J., committee member
Maynard, Michael T., committee member

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The purpose of the present research was to (a) develop a culturally-universal measure of implicit citizenship performance theories and (b) examine cross-cultural differences in the construct. The final measure consisted of four factors - Discourtesy, Interpersonal Harmony, Conscientiousness, and Initiative. Cross-country comparisons using the new measure revealed differences in interpersonal harmony, conscientiousness, and initiative between the American (N = 312), Czech (N = 160), and Indian (N= 195) participants. Country-level collectivism accounted for variation in implicit theories of interpersonal harmony and conscientiousness, and country-level power distance accounted for variation in implicit theories of interpersonal harmony and initiative. The present findings question the assumption that job performance is a culturally universal construct and suggest that some behaviors constituting the job performance domain may be perceived more or less desirable depending on one’s culture.


Covers not scanned.
Print version deaccessioned 2022.

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Ethnopsychology -- Cross-cultural studies
Globalization -- Psychological aspects -- Cross-cultural studies
Citizenship -- Cross-cultural studies
Master of business administration degree -- Cross-cultural studies


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