Use and productivity of Egypt's Nile water

dc.contributor.authorMolden, David J., author
dc.contributor.authorel Kady, Mona, author
dc.contributor.authorZhu, Zhongping, author
dc.contributor.authorU.S. Committee on Irrigation and Drainage, publisher
dc.descriptionPresented at Contemporary challenges for irrigation and drainage: proceedings from the USCID 14th technical conference on irrigation, drainage and flood control held on June 3-6, 1998 in Phoenix, Arizona.
dc.description.abstractMany irrigated areas worldwide are facing increasing competition from agricultural, municipal, industrial, environmental and other uses of water. In water basins, changes in water use in one area often affect how water is used in another area. It is therefore vital to understand how water resources are presently used, and how changes may affect future use of water. A water accounting methodology is presented to show the use and productivity of water. The methodology was applied to Egypt's Nile River system to evaluate the present status of water use and productivity. It was shown that there has been a trend of increasing consumption of water by agriculture and an increase in the productivity of water available to agriculture. There is little water remaining to be saved, and increases in productivity must focus on gains in productivity per unit of water consumed by evapotranspiration. The example from Egypt demonstrates the use and utility of the water accounting methodology in describing water use patterns by different sectors. It is envisaged that this methodology will be further developed to be useful in a wide range of situations.
dc.format.mediumborn digital
dc.format.mediumproceedings (reports)
dc.publisherColorado State University. Libraries
dc.relation.ispartofIrrigation Management
dc.relation.ispartofContemporary challenges for irrigation and drainage, Phoenix, Arizona, June 3-6, 1998
dc.rightsCopyright and other restrictions may apply. User is responsible for compliance with all applicable laws. For information about copyright law, please see
dc.sourceContained in: Contemporary challenges for irrigation and drainage, Phoenix, Arizona, June 3-6, 1998,
dc.titleUse and productivity of Egypt's Nile water
dc.title.alternativeUSCID 14th technical conference
dc.title.alternativeEgypt's Nile water
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