Investigation of the basis of judgments of remembering and knowing (JORKs), An
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Previous research indicates that prospective metamemory accuracy can be improved if participants are asked to monitor whether contextual details will be remembered or not (i.e., judgments of remembering and knowing; JORKs), as opposed to monitoring confidence (i.e., judgments of learning; JOLs), an important finding given that accurate memory monitoring has been linked to effective learning. Three experiments investigated whether the advantage for JORK is due to these judgments being based more on retrieval processes than JOLs. Experiment 1 showed that JORKs resemble retrospective confidence ...