African American parental values and perceptions toward children's playfulness
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Since play is the primary occupation of children, and parents have a significant influence in children's lives, it is important to understand the values, beliefs, and childrearing goals of parents in a multicultural society. This study explored the relationship between African American parents' values and beliefs about playfulness and their children's observed playfulness. Forty-seven African American parents from a middle socioeconomic background and their children participated in this study. Observational assessments, the Test of Playfulness (ToP; Bundy, 1997) and the Children's Playfulness ...