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Parents' communicative practices with ADHD and non-ADHD children




Canillas-Rucker, Shani Estelle, author
Pendell, Sue Davis, advisor
Merolla, Andrew J., committee member
MacPhee, David, 1954-, committee member

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Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) has become more commonly diagnosed in the U. S. over the last decade. Several theories exist for what causes ADHD and how to properly treat the disorder, with an increased emphasis on parenting and its effect on children`s behaviors. To date, little research has examined the differences between parents` communicative practices with children diagnosed with ADHD versus non-ADHD children. The purpose of the present study was to determine if differences exist between the parenting practices of ADHD-diagnosed children and non-ADHD children. Specifically, this study examined verbal and nonverbal differences in parents` communication practices. Ninety-five parents participated in an online survey, offering insight into the ways in which they parent during various situations. The Parenting Practices Interview (PPI) was used to determine the parenting practices parents used with their children. Additionally, the survey included demographic questions and questions requesting specific information regarding each child within the family. An independent samples t-test was conducted, as well as a series of Pearson correlations between the various categories of parenting practices. Significant differences were found within the areas of parental monitoring, appropriate discipline, harsh and inconsistent discipline, and clear expectations. Parents of children diagnosed with ADHD tend to use more appropriate discipline, yet they also practice more harsh and inconsistent discipline. They also employ clearer expectations in their parenting practices. Parents of non-ADHD children tend to monitor their children significantly more than parents of children diagnosed with ADHD. No significant differences were found when examining physical punishment, positive verbal discipline, or praise and incentives. These results offer important areas of parenting to consider when looking at how parenting practices influence children`s behaviors. Results are consistent with other research stating that differences exist between the parenting practices of parents with ADHD-diagnosed children and parents with non-ADHD children.


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parent practices


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