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Titania nanotube arrays: interfaces for implantable devices

Date

2012

Authors

Smith, Barbara Symie, author
Popat, Ketul, advisor
Gonzalez-Juarrero, Mercedes, committee member
Prasad, Ashok, committee member
Dasi, Lakshmi Prasad, committee member
Dow, Steven, committee member

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title

Abstract

For the 8-10% of Americans (20-25 million people) that have implanted biomedical devices, biomaterial failure and the need for revision surgery are critical concerns. The major causes for failure in implantable biomedical devices promoting a need for re- implantation and revision surgery include thrombosis, post-operative infection, immune driven fibrosis and biomechanical failure. The successful integration of long-term implantable devices is highly dependent on the early events of tissue/biomaterial interaction, promoting either implant rejection or a wound healing response (extracellular matrix production and vasculature). Favorable interactions between the implant surface and the respective tissue are critical for the long-term success of any implantable device. Recent studies have shown that material surfaces which mimic the natural physiological hierarchy of in vivo tissue may provide a possible solution for enhancing biomaterial integration, thus preventing infection and biomaterial rejection. Titania nanotube arrays, fabricated using a simple anodization technique, provide a template capable of promoting altered cellular functionality at a hierarchy similar to that of natural tissue. This work focuses on the fabrication of immobilized, vertically oriented and highly uniform titania nanotube arrays to determine how this specific nano-architecture affects skin cell functionality, hemocompatibility, thrombogenicity and the immune response. The results in this work identify enhanced dermal matrix production, altered hemocompatibility, reduced thrombogenicity and a deterred immune response on titania nanotube arrays. This evidences promising implications with respect to the use of titania nanotube arrays as beneficial interfaces for the successful implantation of biomedical devices.

Description

2012 Spring.
Includes bibliographical references.

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Subject

hemocompatibility
titania nanotube arrays
nanotechnology
immune response
implantable biomedical devices
biomaterials

Citation

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