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Geometry considerations for high-order finite-volume methods on structured grids with adaptive mesh refinement




Overton-Katz, Nathaniel D., author
Guzik, Stephen, advisor
Gao, Xinfeng, advisor
Weinberger, Chris, committee member
Bangerth, Wolfgang, committee member

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Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is an invaluable tool for engineering design. Meshing complex geometries with accuracy and efficiency is vital to a CFD simulation. In particular, using structured grids with adaptive mesh refinement (AMR) will be invaluable to engineering optimization where automation is critical. For high-order (fourth-order and above) finite volume methods (FVMs), discrete representation of complex geometries adds extra challenges. High-order methods are not trivially extended to complex geometries of engineering interest. To accommodate geometric complexity with structured AMR in the context of high-order FVMs, this work aims to develop three new methods. First, a robust method is developed for bounding high-order interpolations between grid levels when using AMR. High-order interpolation is prone to numerical oscillations which can result in unphysical solutions. To overcome this, localized interpolation bounds are enforced while maintaining solution conservation. This method provides great flexibility in how refinement may be used in engineering applications. Second, a mapped multi-block technique is developed, capable of representing moderately complex geometries with structured grids. This method works with high-order FVMs while still enabling AMR and retaining strict solution conservation. This method interfaces with well-established engineering work flows for grid generation and interpolates generalized curvilinear coordinate transformations for each block. Solutions between blocks are then communicated by a generalized interpolation strategy while maintaining a single-valued flux. Finally, an embedded-boundary technique is developed for high-order FVMs. This method is particularly attractive since it automates mesh generation of any complex geometry. However, the algorithms on the resulting meshes require extra attention to achieve both stable and accurate results near boundaries. This is achieved by performing solution reconstructions using a weighted form of high-order interpolation that accounts for boundary geometry. These methods are verified, validated, and tested by complex configurations such as reacting flows in a bluff-body combustor and Stokes flows with complicated geometries. Results demonstrate the new algorithms are effective for solving complex geometries at high-order accuracy with AMR. This study contributes to advance the geometric capability in CFD for efficient and effective engineering applications.


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