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Applying model-based systems engineering in search of quality by design




Miller, Andrew R., author
Herber, Daniel R., advisor
Bradley, Thomas, committee member
Miller, Erika, committee member
Simske, Steve, committee member
Yalin, Azer P., committee member

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Model-Based System Engineering (MBSE) and Model-Based Engineering (MBE) techniques have been successfully introduced into the design process of many different types of systems. The application of these techniques can be reflected in the modeling of requirements, functions, behavior, and many other aspects. The modeled design provides a digital representation of a system and the supporting development data architecture and functional requirements associated with that architecture through modeling system aspects. Various levels of the system and the corresponding data architecture fidelity can be represented within MBSE environment tools. Typically, the level of fidelity is driven by crucial systems engineering constraints such as cost, schedule, performance, and quality. Systems engineering uses many methods to develop system and data architecture to provide a representative system that meets costs within schedule with sufficient quality while maintaining the customer performance needs. The most complex and elusive constraints on systems engineering are defining system requirements focusing on quality, given a certain set of system level requirements, which is the likelihood that those requirements will be correctly and accurately found in the final system design. The focus of this research will investigate specifically the Department of Defense Architecture Framework (DoDAF) in use today to establish and then assess the relationship between the system, data architecture, and requirements in terms of Quality By Design (QbD). QbD was first coined in 1992, Quality by Design: The New Steps for Planning Quality into Goods and Services [1]. This research investigates and proposes a means to: contextualize high-level quality terms within the MBSE functional area, provide an outline for a conceptual but functional quality framework as it pertains to the MBSE DoDAF, provides tailored quality metrics with improved definitions, and then tests this improved quality framework by assessing two corresponding case studies analysis evaluations within the MBSE functional area to interrogate model architectures and assess quality of system design. Developed in the early 2000s, the Department of Defense Architecture Framework (DoDAF) is still in use today, and its system description methodologies continue to impact subsequent system description approaches [2]. Two case studies were analyzed to show proposed QbD evaluation to analyze DoDAF CONOP architecture quality. The first case study addresses the analysis of DoDAF CONOP of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Joint Polar Satellite System (JPSS) ground system for National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) satellite system with particular focus on the Stored Mission Data (SMD) mission thread. The second case study addresses the analysis of DoDAF CONOP of the Search and Rescue (SAR) navel rescue operation network System of Systems (SoS) with particular focus on the Command and Control signaling mission thread. The case studies help to demonstrate a new DoDAF Quality Conceptual Framework (DQCF) as a means to investigate quality of DoDAF architecture in depth to include the application of DoDAF standard, the UML/SysML standards, requirement architecture instantiation, as well as modularity to understand architecture reusability and complexity. By providing a renewed focus on a quality-based systems engineering process when applying the DoDAF, improved trust in the system and data architecture of the completed models can be achieved. The results of the case study analyses reveal how a quality-focused systems engineering process can be used during development to provide a product design that better meets the customer's intent and ultimately provides the potential for the best quality product.


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model based system engineering


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