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Saddlepoint approximation to functional equations in queueing theory and insurance mathematics

dc.contributor.authorChung, Sunghoon, author
dc.contributor.authorButler, Ronald W., advisor
dc.contributor.authorScharf, Louis L., committee member
dc.contributor.authorChapman, Phillip L., committee member
dc.contributor.authorHoeting, Jennifer A. (Jennifer Ann), 1966-, committee member
dc.description.abstractWe study the application of saddlepoint approximations to statistical inference when the moment generating function (MGF) of the distribution of interest is an explicit or an implicit function of the MGF of another random variable which is assumed to be observed. In other words, let W (s) be the MGF of the random variable W of interest. We study the case when W (s) = h{G (s) ; λ}, where G (s) is an MGF of G for which a random sample can be obtained, and h is a smooth function. If Ĝ (s) estimates G (s), then Ŵ (s) = h{Ĝ (s) ; λ̂} estimates W (s). Generally, it can be shown that Ŵ (s) converges to W (s) by the strong law of large numbers, which implies that F̂ (t), the cumulative distribution function (CDF) corresponding to Ŵ (s), converges to F (t), the CDF of W, almost surely. If we set Ŵ* (s) = h{Ĝ* (s) ; λ̂}, where Ĝ* (s) and λ̂* are the empirical MGF and the estimator of λ from bootstrapping, the corresponding CDF F̂* (t) can be used to construct the confidence band of F(t). In this dissertation, we show that the saddlepoint inversion of Ŵ (s) is not only fast, reliable, stable, and accurate enough for a general statistical inference, but also easy to use without deep knowledge of the probability theory regarding the stochastic process of interest. For the first part, we consider nonparametric estimation of the density and the CDF of the stationary waiting times W and Wq of an M/G/1 queue. These estimates are computed using saddlepoint inversion of Ŵ (s) determined from the Pollaczek-Khinchin formula. Our saddlepoint estimation is compared with estimators based on other approximations, including the Cramér-Lundberg approximation. For the second part, we consider the saddlepoint approximation for the busy period distribution FB (t) in a M/G/1 queue. The busy period B is the first passage time for the queueing system to pass from an initial arrival (1 in the system) to 0 in the system. If B (s) is the MGF of B, then B (s) is an implicitly defined function of G (s) and λ, the inter-arrival rate, through the well-known Kendall-Takács functional equation. As in the first part, we show that the saddlepoint approximation can be used to obtain F̂B (t), the CDF corresponding to B̂(s) and simulation results show that confidence bands of FB (t) based on bootstrapping perform well.
dc.format.mediumborn digital
dc.format.mediumdoctoral dissertations
dc.publisherColorado State University. Libraries
dc.rightsCopyright and other restrictions may apply. User is responsible for compliance with all applicable laws. For information about copyright law, please see
dc.subjectwaiting time distribution
dc.subjectsaddlepoint approximation
dc.subjectqueueing theory
dc.subjectnonparametric estimation
dc.subjectbusy period
dc.subject.lcshMethod of steepest descent (Numerical analysis)
dc.subject.lcshQueuing theory
dc.subject.lcshBootstrap (Statistics)
dc.subject.lcshInsurance -- Statistical methods
dc.subject.lcshInsurance -- Mathematics
dc.titleSaddlepoint approximation to functional equations in queueing theory and insurance mathematics
dcterms.rights.dplaThis Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights ( You are free to use this Item in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to your use. For other uses you need to obtain permission from the rights-holder(s). State University of Philosophy (Ph.D.)


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