Effect of music therapy on the anxiety levels of women awaiting breast cancer surgery, The
Breast cancer is a leading cause of death in females. Women encountering the combination of surgery and prospective cancer may be faced with intense anxiety. As a familiar and aesthetic medium, music has the ability to ease anxiety, act as a diversion, and dispel the fear that accompanies the unknown (Stevens, 1990). The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of live and recorded music on the perceived anxiety of women awaiting breast cancer surgery. In this study, 86 women were randomized into a control and two experimental groups. Treatment groups received either live or recorded ...
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