Limber pine health in the southern and central Rocky Mountains
White pine blister rust, bark beetles, and dwarf mistletoe are causing decline in health and mortality in limber pine and impacting limber pine seedlings in the central and southern Rocky Mountains. Ecologically valuable limber pines often grow in fragile ecosystems where few other trees can grow. The combined effects of mountain pine beetle, white pine blister rust, dwarf mistletoe, and climate change could greatly impact the biodiversity of these ecosystems. Current condition status and long term monitoring of limber pine trees and seedlings are needed to advise land managers and to implement ...