Activity participation and motivation in Down syndrome
This paper examines activity participation, motivational style, and daily living skills in the Down syndrome (DS) behavioral phenotype. Children with DS (n = 26) and mixed-etiology intellectual disability (ID, n = 18) ages 5 - 22 participated. The CBCL was used to assess activity participation, the Reiss Profile MR/DD measured motivational style, and the VABS measured daily living skills. Children with DS were more motivated by independence than children with ID (p = .001). In the DS group, sports participation was negatively associated with pain avoidance (r = -.429) and frustration avoidance ...
(For more, see "View full record.")