Early holistic scoring of writing: a theory, a history, a reflection
During the educational accountability movement of the 1980s/1990s, holistic scoring became known as the fairest and most efficient ways to assess writing performance. Addressing the history of holistic assessment in the UK and US (1930s to mid- 1980s) they conceptualize reinterpreting the history while re-envisioning its future--provided by publisher.
Haswell, Richard; Elliot, Norbert
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