Wind tunnel studies of the air flow and gaseous plume diffusion in the leading edge and downstream regions of a model forest

Meroney, Robert N., author
Yant, B. T., author
Fluid Dynamics and Diffusion Laboratory, Fluid Mechanics Program, College of Engineering, Colorado State University, publisher
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A model forest canopy was designed to simulate the meteorological characteristics of typical live forests. Measurements were made of velocity, turbulence, drag, and gaseous plume behavior. Flow properties are compared with recent field measurements. Ground penetration in the initial fetch region results in strikingly different streamline motion as compared to wind motions within the equilibrium regions. Measured values of the vertical eddy diffusion coefficient are shown to predict plume behavior in the equilibrium region very well if a correction is included for the ratio Ky/Kz > 1.0.Ventilation of an elevated line source into the canopy region is compared with a simple one-dimensional model.
November 1969.
Includes bibliographical references (pages 25-28).
DA Task 1T061102B53A-17.
For Atmospheric Sciences Laboratory U.S. Army Electronics Command Fort Huachuca, Arizona.
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Wind tunnel models
Plumes (Fluid dynamics)
Associated Publications