Sustainability tradeoffs within photoautotrophic cultivation systems: integrating physical and lifecycle modeling for design and optimization
Photoautotroph-based biofuels are considered one of the most promising renewable resources to meet the global energy requirements for transportation systems. Long-term research and development has resulted in demonstrations of microalgae areal oil productivities that are higher than crop-based biofuels, about 10 times that of palm oil and about 130 times that of soybean. Cyanobacteria is reported to have ~4 times the areal productivity of microalgae on an equivalent energy basis. Downstream of this cultivation process, the cyanobacteria biomass and bioproducts can be supplied to biorefineries ...
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