Modeling bioenergy agroecosystems for climate change mitigation and vulnerability assessment
Agriculture is a major driver of anthropogenic climate change while also directly bearing its impacts. In addition to emissions related to farm operations and inputs, substantial greenhouse gases are released from cropland soils. These include carbon dioxide (CO2) fluxes due to long-term changes in soil organic carbon pools, and nitrous oxide (N2O) produced by soil microbes primarily from excess nitrogen (N) fertilizer not assimilated by crops. Agricultural bioenergy systems are expected to produce liquid fuels with lower life-cycle emissions than gasoline. Current US policy specifies several ...