Political identities, vote choice, and participation : exploring the impact of expressive identities and competing issue positions
America's contemporary political structure has emphasized a single liberal-conservative ideological dimension. Yet, a substantial number of citizens do not neatly reflect this elite divide in their issue positions across both economic and social issues. These "dual ideologues" may feel unrepresented and alienated by a political system that does not offer many choices in candidates or parties that are consistent with their issue positions. However, it remains unclear whether dual ideologues identify with either of the two major parties or ideological groups in the United States based on non-ideological ...