Comparison of electrocoagulation and chemical coagulation treatment effectiveness on frac flowback and produced water, A
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Development and production of tight shale for crude oil and natural gas is increasing rapidly throughout the United States and especially in the Wattenberg field of Northern Colorado. Hydraulic fracturing is used to stimulate the shale formation, which allows previously trapped oil and gas to flow to the surface. According to Goodwin (2013), approximately 2.8 million gallons of water are required to hydraulically fracture a horizontal well. Freshwater makes up the vast majority of water used to create these fracturing fluids with a small portion coming from recycling of previously used fracturing ...