Repository logo

Developing and evaluating a website on infant feeding, specifically breastfeeding, for child care providers


Research studies have shown that breastfeeding provides a multitude of benefits to infants, mothers and communities. Yet, many women cease breastfeeding before the recommended times. A common reason women cease breastfeeding is because of returning to work or school. Because child care providers often provide care to these infants, further research on the role of child care providers on infant feeding practices, specifically breastfeeding, is warranted. This research project occurred in three phases. First, a needs assessment survey was conducted to determine the knowledge, attitudes, behaviors and training needs of child care providers on infant feeding, specifically breastfeeding, in child care centers. The most appropriate medium to integrate best practice information and provide educational tools to child care providers was also examined. Based on the first phase of this project, a website for child care providers on infant feeding, specifically breastfeeding, was determined to be the desired medium for child care providers. Because no other infant feeding website for child care providers was available, InfaNET Nutrition for Child Care Providers website was developed during the second phase of this project based upon the needs assessment results and facilitated group discussions' feedback. The Social Learning Theory was used as the theoretical framework for the development of the content information on the website. A process evaluation with infant feeding experts, child care providers and web design experts deemed the website ready to be tested. Thirdly, a quasi-experimental research design with a control and intervention group was completed. The target population viewed the website as a well-liked and effective means to provide infant feeding information. Results also showed that between the pre- and post-test intervention, the intervention group had more statistically significant positive changes in attitude and behaviors than the control group. Child care providers already possessed a desirable level of knowledge in regards to storing, preparing and feeding infants' breastmilk and formula, but not in distinguishing hunger cues or introducing solid foods. The behavior and attitude changes were not sustained at follow-up, but results showed there was a non-significant positive trend in knowledge for the intervention group.


Rights Access


Breastfeeding -- Computer network resources
Computer network resources
Infants -- Nutrition -- Computer network resources
Infants -- Nutrition
Child care workers
Web sites


Associated Publications