Precipitation and removal of ionic compounds from produced water: observed versus modeling results

dc.contributor.authorYang, Xiaochen, author
dc.contributor.authorCarlson, Kenneth, advisor
dc.contributor.authorCatton, Kimberly, committee member
dc.contributor.authorBradley, Thomas, committee member
dc.date.accessioned2007-01-03T06:48:51Z
dc.date.available2007-01-03T06:48:51Z
dc.date.issued2014
dc.description2014 Spring.
dc.descriptionIncludes bibliographical references.
dc.description.abstractProduced water is generated during the hydraulic fracturing and drilling process, and is regarded as the largest byproduct associated with oil and gas industrial development. Samples of produced water from wells near Greeley, Colorado, were collected from February - July 2013. Commercial produced water treatment at the laboratory scale was conducted and the results compared to computer-based software modeling predictions. Different parameters, such as pH and temperature, are adjusted in order to test how these parameters could affect the treatment for produced water softening. The study shows that removal treatment performance could be related to pH adjustment of coagulation process, temperature and to the size of the filtration membrane. Comparison between different membrane filtration size (2.5 micron and 0.2 micron) apparently shows finer membrane (0.2 micron) improves the removal treatment performance. The results indicate that precipitation is not the limiter to divalent cation removal. During the research, OLI Chemical Analyst, the computer based modeling program, analyzed the precipitation performance of water samples under different temperature (-15 °C - 25 °C) and pH (9.0 - 10.2) conditions. The OLI Chemical Analyst shows that lower temperature could precipitate out different species. Sodium ions get separated (as NaAl(OH)2CO3, aluminum di-hydroxide carbonate) from the inflow when temperature is lower than 10°C, while other metal ions, such as calcium ions, barium ions, cannot get removed efficiently. However, the modeling results of pH adjustments demonstrate that lower pH would not obviously affect the scaling tendency of the target salts. The results show magnesium ions can only get removed when pH is higher than 11.0, the pH adjustment for softening can be optimized.
dc.format.mediumborn digital
dc.format.mediummasters theses
dc.identifierYANG_colostate_0053N_12306.pdf
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10217/82671
dc.languageEnglish
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherColorado State University. Libraries
dc.relationwwdl
dc.relation.ispartof2000-2019
dc.rightsCopyright and other restrictions may apply. User is responsible for compliance with all applicable laws. For information about copyright law, please see https://libguides.colostate.edu/copyright.
dc.subjectwater treatment
dc.subjectequilibrium modeling
dc.subjectsoftening
dc.subjectmodeling
dc.titlePrecipitation and removal of ionic compounds from produced water: observed versus modeling results
dc.typeText
dcterms.rights.dplaThis Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights (https://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/). You are free to use this Item in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to your use. For other uses you need to obtain permission from the rights-holder(s).
thesis.degree.disciplineCivil and Environmental Engineering
thesis.degree.grantorColorado State University
thesis.degree.levelMasters
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Science (M.S.)
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