Repository logo

Dialogue between Confucianism and Holmes Rolston, III—its significance for theology in the planetary climate crisis


Holmes Rolston, III examined the significance of Asian thought for Western evaluations of nature and questioned whether Asian Romanticism can inform the realistic decision making required for practice. However, Rolston ignored Confucianism. Confucianism is grounded on an "anthropocosmic" worldview and bases its environmental ethics on the "virtue of life and growth" and the related vision of "unity of heaven and human beings"; it is thus an objective environmental virtue ethics. Confucianism should adopt Rolston's recommendation for Asian thought concerning the incorporation of evolutionary biology. Rolston is vital to the dialogue for theology in the planetary climate crisis.


Haoran Zhang is on the faculty at the Department of Cultural and Religious Studies, Faculty of Arts, The Chinese University of Hong Kong.
Copyright: 2023 by the author. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

Rights Access


Rolston, Holmes, 1932-
environmental ethics
anthropocosmic world view
virtue ethics


Associated Publications