Repository logo

Anomaly detection in terrestrial hyperspectral video using variants of the RX algorithm




Schwickerath, Anthony N., author
Kirby, Michael, advisor
Peterson, Christopher, committee member
Anderson, Charles, committee member

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title


There is currently interest in detecting the use of chemical and biological weapons using hyperspectral sensors. Much of the research in this area assumes the spectral signature of the weapon is known in advance. Unfortunately, this may not always be the case. To obviate the reliance on a library of known target signatures, we instead view this as an anomaly detection problem. In this thesis, the RX algorithm, a benchmark anomaly detection algorithm for multi- and hyper-spectral data is reviewed, as are some standard extensions. This class of likelihood ratio test-based algorithms is generally applied to aerial imagery for the identification of man-made artifacts. As such, the model assumes that the scale is relatively consistent and that the targets (roads, cars) also have fixed sizes. We apply these methods to terrestrial video of biological and chemical aerosol plumes, where the background scale and target size both vary, and compare preliminary results. To explore the impact of parameter choice on algorithm performance, we also present an empirical study of the standard RX algorithm applied to synthetic targets of varying sizes over a range of settings.


2012 Summer.
Includes bibliographical references.

Rights Access



Associated Publications