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Development and evaluation of a bilingual nutrition education computer program for Latino children

dc.contributor.authorSerrano, Elena Lidia, author
dc.contributor.authorJennifer Anderson, advisor
dc.contributor.authorKendall, Pat, committee member
dc.contributor.authorFritz, Janet, committee member
dc.contributor.authorZimmerman, Don, committee member
dc.contributor.authorAuld, Garry, committee member
dc.description.abstractInteractive computer technology and multi-media have advanced in the past ten years as growing opportunities for nutrition education. Few nutrition education computer programs exist for school-aged children, particularly for Latinos. The overarching purpose of this research was to develop a computer nutrition program for low-income Mexican American children in Colorado. This research project spans all levels of software development -with formative evaluation , product development, and evaluation. Development of the CD-ROM program was driven by several theoretical models and results from the formative evaluation . The formative evaluation included focus groups with children and surveys with classroom teachers and media teachers in order to determine preferences for computer programs, particularly in classroom settings. We also sought to address dietary acculturation in the program. Food frequency questionnaires and acculturation scales were administered to children in largely Hispanic areas of Colorado. Several foods were found to be sensitive to change with increasing acculturation -- such as posole, corn tortillas, fresh corn , mangoes, Mexican cream, and beans - and sensitive to adoption . The final computer program contained a total of six components -- including educational modules, games, songs, and infomercials -- focusing on the Food Guide Pyramid and related topics. Foods included in the program were representative of different levels of acculturation (as determined by the dietary acculturation study) . Online evaluation was used to measure gains in knowledge, attitudes, and behavior intentions, as well as dietary choices. The program was implemented in a total of four schools -- two intervention schools and two matched control schools -- in southern Colorado. The computer nutrition education program proved to be highly effective in improving knowledge about the Food Guide Pyramid. The intervention group's knowledge of the Food Guide Pyramid increased by over 50% and was considered significantly higher than the control group at the p<.01 level. Self-efficacy related to using the Food Guide Pyramid to plan meals and snacks also increased significantly. Our findings demonstrated that games and songs were effective in strengthening knowledge about nutrition and the Food Guide Pyramid, regardless of acculturation level. Online data about dietary patterns confirmed findings from the preliminary dietary acculturation study.
dc.format.mediumdoctoral dissertations
dc.publisherColorado State University. Libraries
dc.relationCatalog record number (MMS ID): 991011717729703361
dc.relationTX361.H57 S468 2001
dc.rightsCopyright and other restrictions may apply. User is responsible for compliance with all applicable laws. For information about copyright law, please see
dc.subject.lcshHispanic American children -- Nutrition -- Colorado -- Computer-assisted instruction
dc.subject.lcshHispanic American children -- Nutrition
dc.subject.lcshComputer-assisted instruction
dc.subject.lcshHispanic American children
dc.subject.lcshHispanic American students -- Nutrition -- Colorado -- Computer-assisted instruction
dc.subject.lcshHispanic American students
dc.subject.lcshNutrition -- Colorado -- Computer-assisted instruction
dc.subject.lcshInteractive multimedia -- Design
dc.subject.lcshInteractive multimedia
dc.titleDevelopment and evaluation of a bilingual nutrition education computer program for Latino children
dcterms.rights.dplaThis Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights ( You are free to use this Item in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to your use. For other uses you need to obtain permission from the rights-holder(s). Science and Human Nutrition State University of Philosophy (Ph.D.)


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