I. Ground-state association between phenothiazine and tris(diimine)ruthenium(II) complexes: its role in highly efficient photoinduced charge separation. II. Ligand modifications of cobalt complexes to increase efficiency of electron-transfer mediators in dye-sensitized solar cells

Weber, John, author
Elliott, C. Michael, advisor
Rappe, Anthony, committee member
Levinger, Nancy, committee member
Woody, Robert, committee member
Van Orden, Alan, committee member
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Supramolecular triad assemblies consisting of a central trisbipyridineruthenium(II) chromophore (C2+), with one or more appended phenothiazine electron donors (D) and a diquat-type electron acceptor (A2+) have been shown to form long-lived photoinduced charge separated states (CSS) with unusually high quantum efficiency. Up to now, there has been no explanation for why such large efficiencies (often close to unity) are achieved from these systems when other, seemingly similar, systems are often much less efficient. In the present study, using a bimolecular system consisting of chromophore-acceptor diad (C2+-A2+) and an N-methylphenothiazine donor we demonstrate that a ground-state association exists between the RuL32+ and the phenothiazine prior to photoexcitation. It is this association process that is responsible for the efficient CSS formation in the bimolecular system and, by inference, also must be an essential factor in the fully intramolecular process occurring with the D-C2+-A2+ triad analogs. Alkyl-substituted bipyridine ligands in cobalt II/III complexes were modified in order to serve as efficient electron-transfer mediators in dye-sensitized solar cells. Attempts at halogen substitution reactions are described. Ultimately isopropyl groups appended to bipyridine ligands were modified by introducing a hydroxyl group at the benzylic position. The electrochemical behavior of the modified ligand is described, as well as its performance as part of a cobalt complex electron-transfer mediator in dye-sensitized solar cells.
2012 Spring.
Includes bibliographical references.
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