Parenting style as a moderator of child internalization of parental values

Ullrich, Emily R. H., author
Lucas-Thompson, Rachel G., advisor
MacPhee, David, committee member
Graham, Daniel, committee member
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Despite the extensive literature examining the general child outcomes and values related to different parenting styles, little research has focused on parenting style as a moderator of the intergenerational transmission of values. Previous research and theory has pointed to authoritative parenting as the most effective parenting style in regards to parents encouraging their children to internalize their values. Based on Baumrind's (1968, 1991) parenting theory and social learning theory (Bandura, 1977), this study examined authoritative parenting style as a moderator of intergenerational transmission of nutrition values from parent to child. Two hypotheses were tested related to parenting style, nutritional values, and child healthy food choices. The research used parent self-report measures of parenting style and nutritional values, as well as observational data on parenting style and food strictness. Child outcomes were measured using a food-choice task completed by the children. Results suggested that parents who value nutrition have children who make healthy choices more frequently in a behavioral task. Additionally, limited support was found for authoritative parenting dimensions as a moderator of the intergenerational value transmission process. The findings of this research suggest a possible protective mechanism of warmth against children's poor food choices. Based on the results, however, more research is needed on the intergenerational transmission of values.
2014 Spring.
Includes bibliographical references.
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