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Evaluation of population genetic structure in two British Bos taurus breeds across five U.S. climate zones

dc.contributor.authorKrehbiel, Bethany Cornwell, author
dc.contributor.authorThomas, Milton G., advisor
dc.contributor.authorBlackburn, Harvey D., committee member
dc.contributor.authorEnns, R. Mark, committee member
dc.contributor.authorSpeidel, Scott, committee member
dc.contributor.authorByrne, Patrick, committee member
dc.date.accessioned2017-06-09T15:41:16Z
dc.date.available2017-06-09T15:41:16Z
dc.date.issued2017
dc.description2017 Spring.
dc.descriptionIncludes bibliographical references.
dc.description.abstractThe objective of this thesis was to determine the fine-scale genetic diversity in Hereford and Red Angus cattle in relation to climate. Two hundred and twenty-five Hereford cattle and 174 Red Angus prominent AI sires were assigned to five U.S. climate regions (Cool Arid, Cool Humid, Transition Zone, Warm Arid, and Warm Humid). SNP-based methods were used to evaluate genetic diversity in the cattle in each of the U.S. climate zones. The first method utilized neutral SNP and the ADMIXTURE software to determine the genetic structure of the population. The second method used 66 SNP associated with traits potentially influenced by climate (body weight, heat stress, milk yield, heifer conception rate, and early embryonic survival) to determine Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium and detection of loci under selection in each climate zone for Hereford and Red Angus breeds. Using 14,312 SNP, analyses of Hereford cattle revealed genetic structure that corresponded with climate zone. Additionally, 15 of the 66 SNP violated Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium and detection of loci under selection (P < 0.05). Analysis of the 15 SNP revealed allele frequencies that were unique to the climate zones. Using 13,960 SNP, the genetic structure analysis of Red Angus sires revealed that there were eight sub-populations present within the breed. Additionally, 23 of the 66 SNP violated Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium and detection of loci under selection (P < 0.05). Allele frequency analysis of the 23 SNP did not show genetic substructure that corresponded to climate zone. In conclusion, fine-scale evaluation of Hereford cattle revealed a genetic substructure corresponded with climate zone. However, fine-scale genetic substructure was detected in Red Angus sires, but did not correspond to U.S. climate zones. By identifying the genetic diversity in these prominent British beef breeds in relation to climate, management strategies can be formed to utilize the genetic diversity of these breeds to combat climate change.
dc.format.mediumborn digital
dc.format.mediummasters theses
dc.identifierKrehbiel_colostate_0053N_14121.pdf
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10217/181393
dc.languageEnglish
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherColorado State University. Libraries
dc.relation.ispartof2000-2019
dc.rightsCopyright and other restrictions may apply. User is responsible for compliance with all applicable laws. For information about copyright law, please see https://libguides.colostate.edu/copyright.
dc.subjectgenetic diversity
dc.subjectmolecular markers
dc.subjectSNP
dc.subjectHereford
dc.subjectRed Angus
dc.subject.lcshBos taurus
dc.titleEvaluation of population genetic structure in two British Bos taurus breeds across five U.S. climate zones
dc.typeText
dcterms.rights.dplaThis Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights (https://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/). You are free to use this Item in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to your use. For other uses you need to obtain permission from the rights-holder(s).
thesis.degree.disciplineAnimal Sciences
thesis.degree.grantorColorado State University
thesis.degree.levelMasters
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Science (M.S.)

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