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Investigation of tritium atom exchange in plastic liquid scintillation vials

dc.contributor.authorWang, John Jen-Chiang, author
dc.contributor.authorBrandl, Alexander, advisor
dc.contributor.authorSudowe, Ralf, committee member
dc.contributor.authorWalrond, John, committee member
dc.date.accessioned2018-09-10T20:05:38Z
dc.date.available2018-09-10T20:05:38Z
dc.date.issued2018
dc.description2018 Summer.
dc.descriptionIncludes bibliographical references.
dc.description.abstractTritium is a naturally occurring radionuclide; it is an analyte of interest in many air, soil, and water samples. It has been shown that long term storage and study of tritium samples results in a reduction in tritium activity not attributed to the natural radioactive decay. Several explanations have been offered through past literatures including diffusion, LSC cocktail degradation, and change in quenching effects. Another possible explanation for the decrease in activity is that tritium may have been organically bound to the plastic possibly due to exchangeable hydrogen atoms along the plastic carbon chain. The hypothesis that tritium can be incorporated into the plastic, interchanging the 1H atoms in the plastic with 3H atoms, was experimentally tested. The experiment consisted of adding deionized water into a previously used plastic vial which had contained tritium to determine if the deionized water had now become tritiated. The results showed that the longer the tritiated water is stored in the vials, the greater the loss of tritium activity in plastic vials is compared to glass vials. An increase in the time that the tritiated water is stored also increases the activity of the tritium found in the deionized water in plastic vials but not in the glass vials. The combination of these two observations supports the hypothesis that tritium exchange may have occurred between the tritiated water and the hydrogen within the plastic vials.
dc.format.mediumborn digital
dc.format.mediummasters theses
dc.identifierWang_colostate_0053N_15059.pdf
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10217/191463
dc.languageEnglish
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherColorado State University. Libraries
dc.relation.ispartof2000-2019
dc.rightsCopyright and other restrictions may apply. User is responsible for compliance with all applicable laws. For information about copyright law, please see https://libguides.colostate.edu/copyright.
dc.titleInvestigation of tritium atom exchange in plastic liquid scintillation vials
dc.typeText
dcterms.rights.dplaThis Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights (https://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/). You are free to use this Item in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to your use. For other uses you need to obtain permission from the rights-holder(s).
thesis.degree.disciplineEnvironmental and Radiological Health Sciences
thesis.degree.grantorColorado State University
thesis.degree.levelMasters
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Science (M.S.)

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