Development of ovine placental lactogen deficient pregnancies, The
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Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) results in significant fetal and neonatal mortalities and morbidities. Additionally, infants surviving IUGR experience increased incidence of heart disease, diabetes, hypertension and stroke during adulthood. A major placental secretory product, placental lactogen (PL), is found at high levels in maternal and fetal circulation, and is significantly reduced in both human and sheep IUGR pregnancies. While the exact function of PL has not been defined for any species, it is thought to modulate the mobilization of maternal nutrients to the fetus. Recently, ...