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dc.contributor.authorMilchunas, Daniel G.
dc.contributor.institutionColorado State University
dc.coverage.temporal1985-2007
dc.date1985-2007
dc.date.accessioned2007-01-03T07:09:17Z
dc.date.available2007-01-03T07:09:17Z
dc.descriptionThe Short Grass Steppe site encompasses a large portion of the Colorado Piedmont Section of the western Great Plains. The extent is defined as the boundaries of the Central Plains Experimental Range (CPER). The CPER has a single ownership and landuse (livestock grazing). The PNG is characterized by a mosaic of ownership and land use. Ownership includes federal, state or private and land use consists of livestock grazing or row-crops. There are NGO conservation groups that exert influence over the area, particularly on federal lands.
dc.description.abstractThis data package was produced by researchers working on the Shortgrass Steppe Long Term Ecological Research (SGS-LTER) Project, administered at Colorado State University. Long-term datasets and background information (proposals, reports, photographs, etc.) on the SGS-LTER project are contained in a comprehensive project collection within the Repository (http://hdl.handle.net/10217/100254). The data table and associated metadata document, which is generated in Ecological Metadata Language, may be available through other repositories serving the ecological research community and represent components of the larger SGS-LTER project collection. The belowground system in arid and semiarid regions can be of relatively greater importance than in more mesic systems because plant competition is most often for soil water rather than for light in aboveground canopies. Belowground plant biomass in the shortgrass steppe represents approximately 80% of the total. These data, entitled Long-Term Seasonal Root Biomass, were obtained in section 21 of the Central Plains Experimental Range from 1985-2008 in conjunction with a 14C labeling experiment designed to test isotope methods of estimating root production. Paired plots for each of eight replicate 14C labeled plots were established and cored on average six times per year over 13 years (five cores each plot each date as above). There were two primary objectives for collecting these data, 1) to compare estimates of root production (or belowground net primary production - BNPP) obtained using the sequential coring of biomass methods with various isotope, minirhizotron, ingrowth, and other methods, and 2) to examine long-term controls on the temporal dynamics of root biomass. This shortgrass steppe LTER site is the only place we are aware of that has compared most methods of estimating BNPP, including sequential coring, ingrowth cores, and ingrowth donuts, 14C pulse-isotope dilution, 14C pulse-isotope turnover, rhizotron windows, and minirhizotron, and indirect methods including nitrogen budget, carbon flux, simulation carbon flow model, and regression model. All production methods are compared in Milchunas (2009), and more detailed comparisons among particular methods can be found in Milchunas and Lauenroth (1992, 2001), and Milchunas et al. (2005a, and 2005b). Results and conclusions concerning root biomass dynamics and relationships with precipitation, season, and aboveground biomass are reported primarily in Milchunas and Lauenroth (2001).
dc.description.sponsorshipNSF Grant Number DEB-1027319.
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dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10217/85665
dc.identifier.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.25675/10217/85665
dc.languageEnglish
dc.publisherColorado State University. Libraries
dc.relation.haspartMilchunas, Daniel (2013): SGS-LTER Long-term Seasonal Root Biomass on the Central Plains Experimental Range, Nunn, Colorado, USA 1985-2007, ARS Study Number 3. Long Term Ecological Research Network. http://dx.doi.org/10.6073/pasta/08f048a8ccd73e32a354e45f131f0e6a
dc.relation.ispartofData - Colorado State University
dc.relation.isreferencedbyMcGinnies, William J., Effects of Shade on the Survival of Crested Wheatgrass Seedlings. Crop Science 6, no. 5 (September-October 1966): 482-484. http://dx.doi.org/10.2135/cropsci1966.0011183X000600050028x
dc.relation.isreferencedbyMilchunas, D. G. and W. K. Lauenroth, Carbon Dynamics and Estimates of Primary Production by Harvest, 14C Dilution, and 14C Turnover. Ecology 73, no. 2 (April 1992): 593-607. http://hdl.handle.net/10217/85635
dc.relation.isreferencedbyMilchunas, D. G., and W. K. Lauenroth, Belowground Primary Production by Carbon Isotope Decay and Long-Term Root Biomass Dynamics. Ecosystems 4, no. 2 (March 2001): 139-150. http://www.jstor.org/stable/3659013
dc.relation.isreferencedbyMilchunas, D. G., Estimating Root Production: Comparison of 11 Methods in Shortgrass Steppe and Review of Biases. Ecosystems 12, no. 8 (December 2009): 1381-1402. http://www.jstor.org/stable/25622891
dc.relation.isreferencedbyMilchunas, D. G., J. A. Morgan, A. R. Mosier, and D. LeCain, Root Dynamics and Demography in Shortgrass Steppe Under Elevated CO2, and Comments on Minirhizotron Methodology. Global Change Biology 11, no. 10 (October 2005): 1837-1855. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2486.2005.001009.x
dc.relation.isreferencedbyMilchunas, D. G., A. R. Mosier, J. A. Morgan, D. LeCain, J. Y. King, and J. A. Nelson, Root Production and Tissue Quality in a Shortgrass Steppe Exposed to Elevated CO2: Using a New Ingrowth Method. Plant and Soil 268, no. 1 (January 2005): 111-122. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11104-004-0230-7
dc.relation.referencesSpecies list of plants, http://hdl.handle.net/10217/80451
dc.relation.referencesKaplan, Nicole, SGS-LTER GIS layer with detailed information on study sites on Central Plains Experimental Range, Nunn, Colorado, USA 2012 (dataset). http://hdl.handle.net/10217/87177
dc.rightsData sets were provided by the Shortgrass Steppe Long Term Ecological Research (SGS-LTER) Program, a partnership between Colorado State University, United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, and the U.S. Forest Service Pawnee National Grassland. Significant funding for these data was provided by the National Science Foundation Long Term Ecological Research program (NSF Grant Number DEB-1027319). The SGS-LTER project (1980-2014) was established as one of the first sites in the US LTER Network and has produce a rich legacy of digital materials including reports, proposals, images, and data packages. Data, products and other information produced from the SGS-LTER are curated as a collection within the Repository (http://hdl.handle.net/10217/100254). Materials can be accessed from the Institutional Digital Repository of Colorado State University or upon request by emailing ecodata_nrel@colostate.edu. All data are open for dissemination and re-use for any purpose, but you must attribute credit to the owner and cite use appropriately according to the LTER Data Access Policy (http://www.lternet.edu/policies/data-access).
dc.subjectprimary production
dc.subjectpopulation dynamics
dc.subjectbelowground net primary production
dc.subjectbiomass
dc.subjectplants
dc.titleSGS-LTER long-term seasonal root biomass on the Central Plains Experimental Range, Nunn, Colorado, USA 1985-2007, ARS study number 3
dc.typeDataset


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