NOx formation in methyl ester, alcohol, and alkane droplet autoignition and combustion: PLIF measurements and detailed kinetic modeling
Numerous studies have shown that diesel engines fueled by fatty-acid methyl ester biodiesel often exhibit slightly increased production of oxides of nitrogen (NOx) in comparison to petroleum diesel. A number of explanations for this increase have been proposed. One theory, which has been supported by optical engine test results, suggests that the presence of oxygen atoms in the methyl ester fuel molecule results in a leaner premixed autoignition zone, thereby increasing in-cylinder temperatures and promoting Zel'dovich NOx production. Other experiments have suggested that the unsaturated methyl ...
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