Western equine encephalitis virus: neuroinvasion, pathogenesis, and immunomodulatory treatment strategies
Western equine encephalitis virus (WEEV; Alphavirus) is a mosquito-borne virus that can cause severe encephalitis in humans and equids. WEEV is closely-related to eastern equine encephalitis virus (EEEV) and may model similar pathogenesis in a mouse model. Previous studies have shown that intranasal infection of outbred CD-1 mice with the WEEV McMillan (McM) strain result in high mortality within 4 days of infection, thus providing a model of exposure to airborne encephalitic alphavirus. In addition, WEEV McM causes high mortality within 5-7 days following peripheral inoculation of mice. Therefore, ...
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