Linking culture, ecology and policy: the invasion of Russian-olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia l.) on the Crow Indian Reservation, south-central Montana, USA
Native plant diversity in riparian systems is currently threatened by the invasive Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia L.) replacing woody riparian species, including plains cottonwood (Populus deltoides Marsh), used for centuries by the Apsáalooke or Crow Tribe of south-central Montana. The Dawes Act of 1887, also known as the Allotment Act, created a land tenure system that restricted ownership rights and forced an unfamiliar agro-economy on the Crow people. Land cessations, illegal land sales and/or leases over the last century resulted in a mosaic of private non-Indian land ownership ...
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Pretty Paint-Small, Valerie
Beck, K. George; Stohlgren, Thomas J.