WISE 2000 and 2001 field experiments in support of the SMOS Mission : sea surface L-band brightness temperature observations and their application to sea surface salinity retrieval, The
Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS) is an Earth Explorer Opportunity Mission from the European Space Agency with a launch date in 2007. Its goal is to produce global maps of soil moisture and ocean salinity variables for climatic studies using a new dual-polarization L-band (1400–1427 MHz) radiometer Microwave Imaging Radiometer by Aperture Synthesis (MIRAS). SMOS will have multiangular observation capability and can be optionally operated in full-polarimetric mode. At this frequency the sensitivity of the brightness temperature (TB) to the sea surface salinity (SSS) is low: 0.5 K/psu for a ...
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