Bound electron contribution to soft x-ray laser interferograms of dense plasmas
We present experimental evidence showing that the contribution of bound electrons to the index of refraction can significantly affect soft x-ray laser interferograms of laser-created plasmas. We report picosecond resolution soft x-ray laser interferograms of Al laser-created plasmas that late in their evolution display negative fringe shifts in the plasma periphery. Simulated density maps show that this results from the dominant contribution of low charge ions to the index of refraction. If neglected, the presence of significant densities of low charge ions in laser-created plasmas may result ...
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