Electron yield of glow discharge cathode materials under helium ion bombardment
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The secondary electron emission coefficient of materials for helium ion bombardment in the energy range 0.5-20 keV was measured for the surface conditions of cathodes in high voltage glow discharges. The materials studied are oxidized aluminum, oxidized magnesium, a molybdenum-aluminum oxide sintered composite, molybdenum, stainless steel, copper, gold, and graphite. Each sample was surface conditioned by operating it as cathode of a helium glow discharge shortly before the electron yield measurement. The results are relevant to the modeling of glow discharges and the design of cold cathode ...