Electron-reflector strategy for CdTe thin-film solar cells
The CdTe thin-film solar cell has a large absorption coefficient and high theoretical efficiency. Moreover, large-area photovoltaic panels can be economically fabricated. These features potentially make the CdTe thin-film solar cell the leading alternative energy source. However, the record CdTe efficiency (16.5%) is much less than its theoretical maximum efficiency (29%), primarily because the open-circuit voltage (0.845 V) is well below what is expected for its band gap (1.5 eV). The incorporation of an electron reflector is a strategy to improve the open-circuit voltage of solar cells, and ...