Hydraulic effects of underground nuclear explosions, Amchitka Island, Alaska
An intensive field study was undertaken as part of the U.S. Geological Survey Nuclear Hydrology Program to determine the response of drainage basins and groundwater aquifers to underground nuclear explosions. Measurements of streamflow and groundwater fluctuation were made over the period of underground nuclear testing on Amchitka Island. These observations were only minimal for the Long Shot event in 1965 but were expanded considerably for the Milrow and Cannikin events in 1969 and 1971, respectively. A conceptual model describing the phenomena that relates surface water and groundwater reaction ...
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