Characterization and prediction of long-term arsenic mobility, dissolution, and kinetic behavior in arsenic contaminated floodplain deposits ofWhitewood Creek and the Belle Fourche River, South Dakota
From 1877 to 1977, the Homestake Mine discharged over 100 million tons of arsenic-rich mine-wastes from Lead, South Dakota into Whitewood Creek (WWC), which joins the Belle Fourche River (BFR). Arsenopyrite and other arsenic-bearing minerals were deposited in tailings (containing between 0.12% to 0.35% arsenic) and mixed with uncontaminated alluvium along the floodplains of WWC and the BFR as overbank deposits and filling abandoned meanders. Since it is not feasible to remove millions of tons of contaminated sediments from the area, an understanding of arsenic mobility on long timescales is ...
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