Effects of spring land cover change on early Indian summer monsoon variability
Effects of land cover change over the Indian subcontinent during the preceding March through May (MAM) on early Indian summer monsoon (ISM) rainfall were examined using the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) and Global Precipitation Climatology Project precipitation for the period of 1982~2003. MAM NDVI anomalies have increased significantly in western and northern India. NDVI anomalies are correlated with the decreasing trend of early ISM rainfall. Decreasing rainfall originates from the decreased land-sea thermal contrast, which is due to the decreasing trend of July sensible heat ...
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Lee, Eungul; Chase, Thomas N.; Rajagopalan, Balaji; Barry, Roger G.