Plant secondary metabolites enhance survival and pathogen tolerance in the European honey bee: a structure-function study
Adequate nutrition is essential for European honey bee (Apis mellifera) colony growth, and productivity, yet foraging limitations resulting from factors such as habitat loss often lead to dietary deficiencies. Plant secondary metabolites are key constituents of floral nectar that support physiological processes in honey bees, however, these compounds are only available to bees with access to a diversity of floral resources. Furthermore, the relationship between different classes of plant secondary metabolites and their function within honey bee diets requires further investigation. Using a ...
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