Hydrologic impacts of lined gravel pits, Colorado Front Range
Sand and gravel quarries are a major source of natural aggregate. Gravel pits often excavate below the water table and therefore can influence alluvial aquifer groundwater flow directions and groundwater-surface water interaction. By regulation in the state of Colorado, low-permeability liners are installed after extraction to minimize water seepage into the pit. The liner impedes flow and disturbs the local water table, creating mounding on the upgradient side and shadow drawdown on the downgradient side. To better understand the magnitude and extent of these effects, numerical groundwater ...
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