Routine activity theory and research ethics : a criminological approach
Research misconduct is often attributed to pressure or bad apples. There is little use of these folk theories because all professional scientists in the United States are always under pressure and, apparently, bad apples are only discovered after misconduct has been committed. These theories do not offer any explanatory or predictive promise because they focus on the multifaceted individual within a multifaceted population. Until the late 20th century, efforts by criminologists trying to understand who become criminals focused on interior, individual qualities, such as temperament or faulty ...
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