Imaging single barium atoms in solid xenon for barium tagging in the nEXO neutrinoless double beta decay experiment
The nEXO experiment will search for neutrinoless double beta decay of the isotope 136Xe in a ton-scale liquid xenon time projection chamber, in order to probe the Majorana nature of neutrinos. Detecting the daughter 136Ba of double beta decay events, called barium tagging, is a technique under investigation which would provide a veto for a background-free measurement. This would involve detecting a single barium ion from within a macroscopic volume of liquid xenon. One proposed barium tagging method is to trap the barium ion in solid xenon at the end of a cold probe, and then detect it by its ...
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