Dynamic structural analysis of ramming in bighorn sheep
Concussions are the most common traumatic brain injury and are caused by impulsive loads applied to the skull, resulting in relative motion of the brain within the brain cavity. Despite wearing helmets, athletes involved in full contact sports, such as football, are highly susceptible to concussive injuries. Short term symptoms of concussions include nausea, headache and confusion and there is evidence of more serious, long term effects from repeated concussions. Furthermore, the physical mechanisms of concussions are not well understood, making them difficult to diagnose and treat clinically. ...
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