Evaluation of cost effective approaches for nutrient removal in urban stormwater and wastewater: City of Fort Collins case study
To respond to pending regulation that affects effluent nitrogen and phosphorus standards from urban watersheds, this study compares existing nutrient discharges from wastewater and stormwater sources in Fort Collins, Colorado and evaluates the benefits and costs of nutrient removal strategies identified in both sectors as a guide to urban planners. Six alternative wastewater advanced nutrient removal technologies were modeled in BioWin® to be integrated with the existing modified Bardenpho unit. Approximately 1,500 stormwater control measures (SCMs) are implemented in Fort Collins at present; ...
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