Reproduction, denning, and spatial ecology of juvenile, yearling, and adult San Clemente Island foxes (Urocyon littoralis clementae)
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The endemic California Channel Island fox (Urocyon littoralis) declined substantially on four of the six islands that it occupies between 1994 and 2002. One subspecies, the San Clemente Island fox (SCLI; Urocyon littoralis clementae) has maintained a relatively stable population compared to the subspecies that declined. The San Clemente Island fox is listed as threatened by the state of California, thus, increased information on reproductive behavior and success as well as home range area and dispersal is essential for understanding the population dynamics of this species. I used a spatially ...