Enantioselective β-functionalization of enals via N-heterocyclic carbene catalysis
A series of δ-nitroesters were synthesized through the N-heterocyclic carbene catalyzed coupling of enals and nitroalkenes. The asymmetric coupling of these substrates via the homoenolate pathway afford δ-nitroesters in good yield, diastereoselectivity, and enantioselectivity. This methodology allows for the rapid synthesis of δ-lactams. Using this approach, we synthesized the pharmaceutically relevant piperidines paroxetine and femoxetine. A novel single-electron oxidation pathway for the N-heterocyclic carbene generated Breslow intermediate has been developed. Nitroarenes have been shown to ...
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