## Abstract hyperovals, partial geometries, and transitive hyperovals

##### Date

2015

##### Authors

Cooper, Benjamin C., author

Penttila, Timothy, advisor

Bohm, Wim, committee member

Cavalieri, Renzo, committee member

Duflot, Jeanne, committee member

##### Journal Title

##### Journal ISSN

##### Volume Title

##### Publisher

Colorado State University. Libraries

##### Abstract

A hyperoval is a (q+2)- arc of a projective plane π, of order q with q even. Let G denote the collineation group of π containing a hyperoval Ω. We say that Ω is transitive if for any pair of points x, y is an element of Ω, there exists a g is an element of G fixing Ω setwise such that xg = y. In1987, Billotti and Korchmaros proved that if 4

G|, then either Ω is the regular hyperoval in PG(2,q) for q=2 or 4 or q = 16 and |G

144. In 2005, Sonnino proved that if |G| = 144, then π is desarguesian and Ω is isomorphic to the Lunelli-Sce hyperoval. For our main result, we show that if G is the collineation group of a projective plane containing a transitivehyperoval with 4

G|, then |G| = 144 and Ω is isomorphic to the Lunelli-Sce hyperoval. We also show that if A(X) is an abstract hyperoval of order n ≡ 2(mod 4); then |Aut(A(X))| is odd. If A(X) is an abstract hyperoval of order n such that Aut(A(X)) contains two distinct involutions with |FixX(g)| and |FixX(ƒ)| ≥ 4. Then we show that FixX(g) ≠ FixX(ƒ). We also show that there is no hyperoval of order 12 admitting a group whose order is divisible by 11 or 13, by showing that there is no partial geometry pg(6, 10, 5) admitting a group of order 11 or of order 13. Finally, we were able to show that there is no hyperoval in a projective plane of order 12 with a dihedral subgroup of order 14, by showing that that there is no partial geometry pg(7, 12, 6) admitting a dihedral group of order 14. The latter results are achieved by studying abstract hyperovals and their symmetries.

G|, then either Ω is the regular hyperoval in PG(2,q) for q=2 or 4 or q = 16 and |G

144. In 2005, Sonnino proved that if |G| = 144, then π is desarguesian and Ω is isomorphic to the Lunelli-Sce hyperoval. For our main result, we show that if G is the collineation group of a projective plane containing a transitivehyperoval with 4

G|, then |G| = 144 and Ω is isomorphic to the Lunelli-Sce hyperoval. We also show that if A(X) is an abstract hyperoval of order n ≡ 2(mod 4); then |Aut(A(X))| is odd. If A(X) is an abstract hyperoval of order n such that Aut(A(X)) contains two distinct involutions with |FixX(g)| and |FixX(ƒ)| ≥ 4. Then we show that FixX(g) ≠ FixX(ƒ). We also show that there is no hyperoval of order 12 admitting a group whose order is divisible by 11 or 13, by showing that there is no partial geometry pg(6, 10, 5) admitting a group of order 11 or of order 13. Finally, we were able to show that there is no hyperoval in a projective plane of order 12 with a dihedral subgroup of order 14, by showing that that there is no partial geometry pg(7, 12, 6) admitting a dihedral group of order 14. The latter results are achieved by studying abstract hyperovals and their symmetries.

##### Description

Includes bibliographical references.

2015 Summer.

2015 Summer.

##### Subject

finite geometry, combinatorics