Mite and fungal associates on mountain pine beetles attacking three pines species in northern Colorado
During its life cycle, mountain pine beetle (Dendroctonus ponderosae) interacts with phoretic organisms such as mites, nematodes, fungi, and bacteria. The types of associations these organisms establish with the mountain pine beetle vary from mutualistic to antagonistic. The most studied of these interactions are those between beetle and fungi. The least studied are interactions with bacteria, but these have received increased attention recently. Nematodes remain little studied. During 2011 to 2013, I studied phoretic mites arriving to limber (P. flexilis), lodgepole (P. contorta), and ponderosa ...