Schizophrenia: Current Hypotheses, Treatments, and Future Directions
Schizophrenia is a psychological disorder that predominantly manifests in men during their early 20s, a few years later in women, and affects one percent of the world population. The disorder is characterized by the expression of positive and negative symptoms as well as cognitive impairments. Positive symptoms include hallucinations and delusions, while negative symptoms include social withdrawal and loss of motivation. Pharmacological treatment of the disorder has been centered around antipsychotics, but results have been inconsistent and typically ineffective for negative symptoms. Combination ...
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